Difference between Pragmatics, Syntax, Morphology and Phonology

Linguistics is a broad and complex field of study, hence it is subdivided into several branches; some of which we sure know and others that we are somewhat unknown. In this day we will talk about some of the most important branches of this discipline, as you understand the object of study of each branch sure better understand some details about language, language and speech .

If you still do not know the difference between Syntax, Pragmatics, Morphology and Phonology or just go for a little more information that complements what you already know, then continue reading, because below we explain everything you need know about the Difference between these two  interesting topic.


It is responsible for studying the language taking into account the context in which it is used. It does not focus on the structure of a particular language, but on the discourse seen as a social act governed by many social conventions. The term can be used to refer to the study of the contextual meaning of discourse. In this sense, it takes into account mainly two aspects: the way in which the person communicates the message and the way in which the one who receives the message interprets it.

Pragmatics, Syntax, Morphology


The syntax is the study of the structural aspect of the language. It focuses on how the phrase or sentence is formed. It looks for the way to combine the words in the best possible way at the moment of forming the sentences so that the message is not ambiguous and can be understood correctly. The structure of the sentences is determined by the rules of syntax. It is important to keep in mind that in this case it is not a question of the meaning of sentences, but of their structure; since meaningless sentences can be grammatically correct.


On the other hand, Morphology is the study of the minimal units that have meaning within the sentence, this includes morphemes and the process of word formation . Study the forms and also the relationship that words have with other words of the same language. Morphological studies include the grammatical processes of bending and derivation. Derivative morphemes typically indicate semantic relationships with words, while flexible morphemes indicate syntactic or semantic relationships between the words of a sentence.


Finally, Phonology is the branch of Linguistics that is responsible for the study of sound patterns. It also includes distribution and pronunciation. It can be considered as the study of the distinctive sound in the words of the language. It works with the concept of phoneme, which is a distinctive and contractive sound in the language.

Phonology is about functional aspects of language related to the sounds of words that are constructed from phonemes. A phoneme is basically the smallest unit of pronunciation. Like the other branches, it also shares attributes with the others that are part of Linguistics.

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